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【ROR体育官网入口】语法填空必杀三:动词谓语形式的三大命题角度

2021-10-11 

本文摘要:语法填空必杀三:动词谓语形式的三大命题角度 语法填空动词(谓语形式)解题技巧汇总 一、判断方式: 1. 空格处的提示词为动词 2. 空格处需要填谓语动词 句子的谓语数量= 连词数量+ 1;个中,连词包括并列连词和主从复合句的连词;难点在于:连词有时可以省略,晋升句子阐发能力和句子翻译能力是关键 二、根基能力 1. 动词根基时态、语态的写法 主动: 已往 此刻 未来 一般 was/weredid am/is/aredo/does willbewilldo 举行 was/weredoing am/is/aredoing willbedoing 完成 haddone have/hasdone willhavedone 被动: 已往 此刻 未来 一般 was/weredone am/is/aredone willbedone 举行 was/werebeingdone am/is/arebeingdone willbebeingdone 完成 hadbeendone have/hasbeendone willhavebeendone 2.常见动词的三单形式、已往式、已往分词、此刻分词的写法 三单形式: (1) 大大都动词在词尾直接加s, 如read → reads ,look→ looks,play→ plays (2) 以辅音字母加y末端的动词,要先将y变为i,再加es 如:fly →flies carry →carries study →studies (3) 以“s, x, ch, sh”末端的,在词尾加“es”,发音为[iz] 如: teach-teaches [iz]; watch-watches [iz] (4) 以“o”末端的动词,加“es”,读[z] 如:go-goes [z] do-does [z] 不法则变化:have —has 已往式、已往分词: (1)直接在词尾加-ed。

语法填空必杀三:动词谓语形式的三大命题角度 语法填空动词(谓语形式)解题技巧汇总 一、判断方式: 1. 空格处的提示词为动词 2. 空格处需要填谓语动词 句子的谓语数量= 连词数量+ 1;个中,连词包括并列连词和主从复合句的连词;难点在于:连词有时可以省略,晋升句子阐发能力和句子翻译能力是关键 二、根基能力 1. 动词根基时态、语态的写法 主动: 已往 此刻 未来 一般 was/weredid am/is/aredo/does willbewilldo 举行 was/weredoing am/is/aredoing willbedoing 完成 haddone have/hasdone willhavedone 被动: 已往 此刻 未来 一般 was/weredone am/is/aredone willbedone 举行 was/werebeingdone am/is/arebeingdone willbebeingdone 完成 hadbeendone have/hasbeendone willhavebeendone 2.常见动词的三单形式、已往式、已往分词、此刻分词的写法 三单形式: (1) 大大都动词在词尾直接加s, 如read → reads ,look→ looks,play→ plays (2) 以辅音字母加y末端的动词,要先将y变为i,再加es 如:fly →flies carry →carries study →studies (3) 以“s, x, ch, sh”末端的,在词尾加“es”,发音为[iz] 如: teach-teaches [iz]; watch-watches [iz] (4) 以“o”末端的动词,加“es”,读[z] 如:go-goes [z] do-does [z] 不法则变化:have —has 已往式、已往分词: (1)直接在词尾加-ed。-ed在浊辅音和元音后面读【d】;在清辅音后面读【t】;在发【t】和【d】音的字母后面一律读【id】如: want—wanted【id】, work—worked【t】, need—needed【id】, clean—cleaned【d】 展开全文 (2)以不发音的e末端的在词尾加-d,读音同(1);如:like—liked【t】, live—lived【d】, move—moved【d】 (3)以一个元音字母加一个辅音字母末端的重读闭音节动词,先双写末端的辅音字母,再加-ed。如:stop—stopped,plan-planned,beg- begged, drop-dropped (a)假如重读在第一个音节处,不双写加ed. 如: visited(重读在vis前); offered(重读在of前); (b)假如重读在第二个音节处,双写词尾辅音字母加ed. 如: preferred(重读在fer前); admitted(重读在mit前); refer-referred (4)以辅音字母加y末端的动词,先把y酿成i,再加-ed。如:study—studied, carry—carried, hurry—hurried, marry—married, worry-worried 必需背过不法则动词表 【吐血推荐】15幅图搞定不法则动词 此刻分词: (1) 一般环境下直接加ing 如: think---thinking ,sleep---sleeping,study---studying,speak---speaking,carry---carrying,say---saying (2) 以不发音的字母e末端的单词,去掉字母e,再加ing,如:wake---waking ,make---making,come---coming ,take---taking,leave---leaving,have---having (3) 以y 末端的动词 直接加 ing,如:carry—— carrying enjoy—— enjoying (4) 以ie末端的动词,把ie改为y ,再加ing,如: die---dying lie---lying tie-tying (5) 以重读闭音节末端,出现“辅,元,辅”布局的动词,先双写末尾的辅音字母,再加ing。

常见的这类词有:begin,cut, get, hit, run, set, sit, spit, stop, swim, beg, drop, fit, nod, dig, forget, regret, rid, 等。(visit 不是以重读闭音节末端,不消双写) 三、常见考法 低级难度:按照时态标记词判断 1 .一般此刻时:sometimes,every year/week/day/morning,often,always,usually,seldom,now and then等。2 .一般已往时:once upon a time,yesterday,last week/month/year,just now,the other day(= afewdaysago),时间段+ago ,时间段+later, in+已往的年份。

3 .此刻完成时:lately,recently,so/by far,by now,up to now,until now,in/during/over thepast/last few +时间段等。in/over recent+时间段,since+已往的时间点,ever since等。4 .此刻举行时:Look!Listen!now, at present,at this moment/time/minute,currently等。

5 .已往举行时:at that moment/time/minute,then等。6 .一般未来时:tomorrow,next week/month/year,in (the coming)+时间段,upcoming,in the future等。7 .已往完成时:by+已往的时间,by then,by the end of+已往的时间点,until then,before+已往的时间点。8 .未来举行时:at this time/moment tomorrow等。

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注意:一般已往时和完成时的标记词必需记牢 中级难度:按照前后文相关的时态语态判断 1.瞻前顾后找平行:并列连词毗连的平行布局,毗连对等的词或对等的布局,可以作为时态判断的依据。常见如下:and ,but,or,both...and...,either...or...,neither...nor...,not only...but (also)...等。尤其存眷一个主语,两个或两个以上的并列谓语,谓语动词的时态要保持一致。2 .语境提示按时态:假如没有时间标记词或者详细的时间状语,就要接洽上下文、前后句中的时态,看看行动是否同时产生或者先后产生,确定填空处的时态。

3 .主句从句相对应:宾语从句中,主句假如用一般已往时,从句也应该用已往的时态;但陈述客观事实或真理时,从句用一般此刻时。时间、条件状语从句中,主将从现,即主句为一般未来时,从句用一般此刻时表未来。高级难度:特殊布局或者被动或者主谓一致等 1.固定句式类 (1)It/This/That is the first/second/...time that sb./sth.have/has done sth. 这/ 那是或人/某物第一/ 二/……次做某事。

(2)It/This/That was the first/second/...time that sb./sth.had done sth. 这/那是或人/ 某物第一/二/ ……次做某事。(3)hardly/scarcely/rarely...had done...when sb./sth.did... 和no sooner had done...than sb./sth.did暗示“一……就……”。(4)It is (high) time that sb./sth.did/should do... 到了或人/ 某物该做……的时候了。

(5)...was/were doing...when sb./sth.did 或人/某物正在做……这时忽然…… (6)祈使句+and +陈述句,陈述句为一般未来时。2.被动语态类 (1 )步骤:①确定主语;②判断主语和动词的关系:假如主语是行动的发出者,要用主动语态;假如主语是行动的蒙受者,要用被动语态。(2) 注意:不及物动词( 词组)没有被动语态。如:breathe,happen,exist,remain,rise,taste,survive,belong to,break out,break down,come up,come true,take place等。

3. 主谓一致类 (1)焦点界说:主谓一致即语法形式的一致,数的一致。①主语为单数可数名词或不行数名词时,谓语动词用单数形式。

②主语为单个不定式( 短语),动名词(短语)或主语从句时,谓语动词用单数形式。③主语为复数名词或两个或以上不定式( 短语),动名词(短语)或主语从句时,谓语动词用复数形式。④a large quantity of +名词,谓语动词用单数;quantities of+名词,谓语动词用复数。

⑤假如定语从句缺少主语,谓语动词与先行词,即从句所修饰的名词或代词保持数的一致。(2)就近原则 ①either...or... ,neither...nor...,not only...but (also)...,not...but...等并列连词毗连主语时。②there be 句型中,谓语动词与最近的主语保持数的一致。(3)就远原则:名词+介词短语+名词,谓语动词与离的远的第一个名词,即句子的主语保持数的一致。

介词短语包括:with /along with/together with/as well as/rather than/in addition to/including 等。四、经典操练 较易试题: 1. The unmanned Chang’e­4 probe( 探测器)—the name was inspired by an ancient Chinese moon goddess— ______(touch) down last week in the South Pole­Aitken basin.(2020· 全国Ⅰ) 谜底 touched 解析 考察时态。句子主语是The unmanned Chang ’e­4 probe ,谓语动词是touch。按照时间状语last week可判断用一般已往时。

touch down意为“( 飞机等)降落,着陆”。2 .The 80,000 objects collected by Sir Hans Sloane,for example,______(form) the core collection of the British Museum that opened in 1759.(2020· 新高考全国Ⅰ) 谜底 formed 解析 考察动词的时态。按照上文内容以实时间状语in 1759 可知,应用一般已往时。

3. By about 6000 BC ,people ______(discover)the best crops to grow and animals to raise. (2020· 浙江) 谜底 had discovered 解析 考察时态。按照时间状语By about 6000 BC( 到约莫公元前6000年为止)可知,空格处的谓语动词需用已往完成时,暗示到已往某个时间为止已经完成或产生的行动。故填had discovered。4. In recent years some Inuit people in Nunavut ______(report) increases in bear sightings around human settlements...(2019· 全国Ⅰ) 谜底have reported 解析 考察时态和主谓一致。

按照时间状语In recent years 可知,主句用此刻完成时态,主语为some Inuit people,故填have reported。5.Irene said ,“I don’t see any reason to give up work.I love coming here and seeing my family and all the friends I ______(make) over the years...”(2019· 全国Ⅱ) 谜底have made 解析 考察动词的时态。按照定语从句中的时间状语over the years 可知,此处用此刻完成时态。

故填have made。6. Since 2011 ,the country ______(grow) more corn than rice.(2018· 全国Ⅱ) 谜底has grown 解析 考察时态和主谓一致。由时间状语Since 2011 可知,此处用此刻完成时,主语the country是第三人称单数,故谓语动词用has grown。7.China ’s high­speed railways ______(grow) from 9,000 to 25,000 kilometers in the past few years.(2018· 北京) 谜底have grown 解析 时间状语in the past few years 与此刻完成时连用,由此可知应该用have grown。

中等试题 1 ....they smiled and ______(point) down the river.(2020· 全国Ⅲ) 谜底 pointed 解析 考察动词的时态。and 毗连两个并列谓语动词,前后时态应一致。故填pointed。2 .“This really excites scientists ,”Carle Pieters ,a scientist at Brown University,says,“because it ______(mean) we have the chance to obtain information about how the moon is constructed.”(2020· 全国Ⅰ) 谜底 means 解析 考察时态。

按照直接引语中的excites 可判断用一般此刻时;主语是it,故谓语动词用第三人称单数形式。3 .Picking up her “Lifetime Achievement”award ,proud Irene ______(declare) she had no plans to retire from her 36­year­old business.Irene said...(2019· 全国Ⅱ) 谜底declared 解析 考察动词的时态。该句主语为Irene ,此处为谓语身分,按照后文的had以及said可知,用一般已往时态,故填declared。

4 .Our hosts shared many of their experiences and ______(recommend) wonderful places to eat ,shop,and visit.(2019· 全国Ⅲ) 谜底recommended 解析 考察时态。and 毗连两个谓语并列的动词,空格处与shared并列,时态要一致。故填recommended。5. When every pupil in the school wears the uniform ,nobody ______(have) to worry about fashion( 时尚).(2019· 浙江) 谜底has/will have 解析 考察动词的时态和主谓一致。

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句意为:当每个在校学生都穿校服时,没有人会担忧时尚问题。此处用一般此刻时描述一般环境;阐发句子布局可知,主语是nobody ,所以谓语动词用has。

或理解为when引导的时间状语从句谓语动词用一般此刻时表未来,主句用一般未来时,故还可填will have。6 .One study in America found that students’grades ______(improve) a little after the school introduced uniforms.(2019· 浙江) 谜底improved 解析 考察时态。阐发句子布局可知,此处that 引导宾语从句,而从句中缺少谓语动词,同时按照主句谓语动词found和时间状语从句中的introduced可知,此处也应用一般已往时,故填improved。

7. On the first day of my first grade ,I stood by the door with butterflies in my stomach.I ______ (voice) my biggest concern to my mother...(2019· 北京) 谜底voiced 解析 考察时态。此处的voice 意为“表达”,是动词,作谓语,按照上文可知,这里叙述的是已往的工作,用一般已往时。故填voiced。

8. A few months after he had arrived in China ,Mr Smith ______(fall) in love with the people and culture there.(2019· 江苏) 谜底fell 解析 考察时态。句意为:史女士先生到中国几个月后,就爱上了哪里的人们和文化。这里描述的是已往产生的工作,应用一般已往时。9 .I ______(hope) to send Peter a gift to congratulate him on his marriage ,but I couldn’t manage it.(2019· 天津) 谜底had hoped 解析 考察时态。

句意为:我原来想给彼得送个礼品来祝贺他成婚,但我没能做到。由couldn ’t manage 用的是一般已往时可知,空格处暗示已往本但愿做其事但却没做成,用已往完成时。故填had hoped。

10 .When the gorillas and I frightened each other,I was just glad to find them alive.True to a gorilla’s unaggressive nature ,the huge animal ______(mean) me no real harm.(2018· 全国Ⅲ) 谜底meant 解析 考察动词的时态。由语境可知,此处工作产生在已往,要用一般已往时态。11.—You are a great swimmer. —Thanks.It’s because I ______(practise)a lot these days.(2020· 天津,有必然难度) 谜底 have been practising 解析 考察时态。句意为:—— 你游泳游得很好。

——谢谢。这是因为这些天我一直在操练。

按照句中的时间状语these days可知,practise这一行动从已往一直连续到此刻,而且有可能连续下去,故用此刻完成举行时。较难试题 固定布局 1 .In any unsafe situation,simply ______(press) the button and a highly­trained agent will get you the help you need.(2018· 北京) 谜底press 解析 句意为:在任何不宁静的环境下,只要按一下按钮,训练有素的事情人员就会赐与你所需要的帮忙。

按照空后的and 可知应该填press。这是一个固定句式,其组成是“祈使句+and +陈述句”。

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2 .Susan had quit her well­paid job and ______(work) as a volunteer in the neighborhood when I visited her last year.(2018· 北京) 谜底was working 解析 句意为:去年我去探望苏珊的时候,她已经辞去了高薪事情,正在社区做志愿事情。when 引导的时间状语从句用的是一般已往时,表白主句也是已往的某种时态。此处暗示去年“我”去看她时她正在举行的行动,因此用已往举行时。

3 .I ______(drive) down to London when I suddenly found that I was on the wrong road. (2017· 天津) 谜底was driving 解析 考察时态。句意为:我正开车(was driving) 去伦敦,这时忽然发明我走错路了。be doing...when...是固定句式,暗示“正在做……这时忽然……”。

被动语态 1 .“This really excites scientists ,”Carle Pieters ,a scientist at Brown University,says,“because it means we have the chance to obtain information about how the moon ______ (construct) .”(2020· 全国Ⅰ) 谜底 is constructed 解析 考察时态和语态。整句话的时态为一般此刻时,且the moon 与construct(构成,组成)之间是被动关系,故用一般此刻时的被动语态。2 .One day the emperor wanted to get his portrait(画像) done so he called all great artists to come and present their finest work,so that he could choose the best.The artist was sure he would ______ (choose) ,but when...(2020· 全国Ⅲ) 谜底 be chosen 解析 考察动词的语态。

主语he 和动词choose之间是被动关系,空格前有would,故用“be +及物动词的已往分词”。3. The parts of a museum open to the public ______(call) galleries or rooms. (2020· 新高考全国Ⅰ) 谜底 are called 解析 考察动词的时态和语态。

阐发句子布局可知,句中缺少谓语,主语the parts 与动词call之间为被动关系,且此处说明客观事实,故用一般此刻时的被动语态。4 .And,as more children were born,more food ______(need) .(2020· 浙江) 谜底 was needed 解析 考察动词的时态、语态和主谓一致。

food 和need之间是被动关系,因此用被动语态;由上文的were born可知,此处用一般已往时;且food在此处为不行数名词,作主语时谓语动词用第三人称单数形式。因此填was needed。5. On the last day of our week­long stay ,we ______(invite) to attend a private concert on a beautiful farm on the North Shore under the stars...(2019· 全国Ⅲ) 谜底were invited 解析 考察时态和语态。

由On the last day of our week­long stay 可知,句子时态为一般已往时。we和invite之间是被动关系,故用一般已往时的被动语态。故填were invited。

6 .They are trying to make sure that 5G terminals ______(install) by 2022 for the Beijing Winter Olympics.(2019· 江苏) 谜底will have been installed 解析 考察动词的时态和语态。句意为:他们正积极确保在2022 年北京冬奥会之前安装5G终端。暗示在未来某一时间以前已经完成或一直连续的行动,用未来完成时。

“5G 终端”和“安装”之间是被动关系,用被动语态,故填will have been installed。7 .A rescue worker risked his life saving two tourists who ______(trap) in the mountains for two days.(2018· 北京) 谜底had been trapped 解析 句意为:一位救援人员冒着生命危险救了两名被困在山里两天的旅客。故填had been trapped。

按照risked可知,主句用了一般已往时,暗示冒险救人的行动产生在已往,被困在山里这一行动产生在这之前,属于已往的已往,即用已往完成时;主语two tourists和trap之间是被动关系,故用已往完成时的被动语态。8. My washing machine ______(repair) this week ,so I have to wash my clothes by hand. (2018· 天津) 谜底is being repaired 解析 句意为:我的洗衣机本周正在被修理,因此我只好用手洗我的衣服。my washing machine 与repair之间是被动关系,需用被动语态;再按照后面的“我只好用手洗衣服”可知,洗衣机正在被修理,需用此刻举行时的被动语态。

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9 .I was sent to the village last month to see how the development plan ______(carry) out in the past two years.(2018· 江苏) 谜底had been carried 解析 句意为:上个月我被派到谁人村子,去看了看在已往的两年里这个成长打算实施得怎么样了。按照in the past two years 可知,应用完成时,carry out产生在was sent to之前,应用已往完成时;the development plan与carry之间是被动关系,故用已往完成时的被动语态,故填 had been carried。10 .I still remember visiting a friend who’d lived here for five years and I ______(shock) when I learnt she hadn’t cooked once in all that time.(2018· 浙江) 谜底was shocked 解析 考察时态和语态。

按照后面的learnt 可知,此处说的是已往的事,故用一般已往时;而I与shock之间是被动关系,故用被动语态。主谓一致 1. This is why decorating with plants ,fruits and flowers ______(carry) special significance.(2020· 全国Ⅱ) 谜底 carries 解析 考察时态及主谓一致。

此处陈述客观事实,所以用一般此刻时;从句主语是动名词短语decorating with... ,所以从句谓语动词用第三人称单数形式。此题不要被flowers滋扰,要找对从句的真正主语。2 .Of the nineteen recognized polar bear subpopulations,three are declining,six ______(be) stable ,one is increasing,and nine lack enough data.(2019· 全国Ⅰ) 谜底are 解析 考察时态和主谓一致。本句其他谓语用了一般此刻时,本句的主语six 指代six polar bear subpopulations,暗示复数意义,故本空应填谓语动词are。

3. The musician along with his band members ______(give) ten performances in the last three months.(2019· 江苏) 谜底has given 解析 考察动词的时态与主谓一致。句意为:在已往的三个月里,这名音乐家与他的乐队成员已经完成了十场表演。由in the last three months 可知,这句话的时态为此刻完成时;along with毗连两个名词作主语时,谓语动词应与前面的名词在人称和数上保持一致,故填has given。4 .Amy,as well as her brothers,______(give) a warm welcome when returning to the village last week.(2019· 天津) 谜底was given 解析 考察时态、语态和主谓一致。

句意为:上周埃米和她的兄弟们回到村庄时受到了热烈的接待。按照时间状语last week 可知,应用一般已往时;as well as毗连两个并列的主语时,谓语动词应与前面的主语一致,即与Amy一致,故此处应用第三人称单数形式;Amy与give之间是被动关系,故用被动语态。5 .While running regularly can’t make you live forever ,the review says it ______(be) more effective at lengthening life than walking ,cycling or swimming.(2018· 全国Ⅰ) 谜底is 解析 考察动词的时态和主谓一致。

按照语境可知,这里用一般此刻时,主语it 是第三人称单数形式,故谓语动词用is。6. Fast food ______(be) full of fat and salt ;by eating more fast food people will get more salt and fat than they need in their diet.(2017· 全国Ⅰ) 谜底is 解析 考察动词的时态和主谓一致。

按照行文的时态可知,此处用一般此刻时;句子的主语Fast food( 快餐)是不行数名词短语,故填be的第三人称单数形式is。7.What a pity !You missed the sightseeing,or we ______(have) a good time together. (2019· 江苏) 谜底would have had 解析 考察虚拟语气。句意为:真遗憾!你错过了这次参观,不然我们会在一起玩得很开心。按照关键词or 可知,这里暗示与已往事实相反的虚拟语气,谓语动词应用would have done。

8.The workers were not better organized ,otherwise they ______(accomplish) the task in half the time.(2019· 天津) 谜底would have accomplished 解析 考察虚拟语气。句意为:工人们没有被组织好,不然他们用一半的时间就能完成任务。

此处otherwise 表达了一种蕴藉虚拟;otherwise前的内容所述的是已往的事实,相当于if引导的条件状语从句“If the workers had been better organized”,因今后半部门应用“主语+would have done sth. ”布局。(声明:文章内容由高考英语整理,转载请标明出处,高考英语(ID:gaokaoyingyu150)) 返回,检察更多。


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